The Kokonas Indastri Koporesen (KIK) under its Productivity Improvement Division had begun collecting local coconut seed nuts (accessions) from the original selected locations throughout the country in late 1980’s. All of these coconut accessions are now hosted in Gene-bank at Stewart Research Centre in Madang Province.
However, the biological threats of the Bogia Coconut syndrome (BCS) to the Coconut Industry at Bogia in Madang Province, KIK has now initiated major shift to segregate these coconut genetic materials for future use. Misima Island was the best choice for nurturing these selected genetic materials in the Pre-Entry Quarantine Nursery (PEQN). The isolation of the island makes it more conducive to control and quarantine any biological incidences of pest and diseases occurrence in the pre-nursery stage. The Pre-Entry Quarantine Nursery is now established on Misima Island and that the mode any BCS transmission or spread would be controlled.
The Kokonas Indastri Koporesen team in the collaboration with the National Agriculture Quarantine Authority (NAQIA) have collected and chemically treated (phytosanitary requirements) on more than 2,800 coconut seed nuts from the originally selected locations of Daru, Gulf, Central, Milne Bay and Oro Provinces of the Southern region. These treated coconut seed nuts are now quarantined in the Pre-Entry Quarantine Nursery at Misima Island of the Milne Bay Province. There is still more Coconut Accessions to be collected from regions of Momase and the New Guinea Islands including selected Priority Dwarf Coconut Accessions.
There are stringent quarantine measures in place at PEQN at Misima and therefore the screen test for BCS is scheduled for the Quarantined 6 months old seedlings. This screening for BCS on young coconut seedlings would clear out any suspect or diseased materials from the PEQN. The completion of this BCS screening would only then release these seedlings to be transported back to the mainland for the re-establishment of new Genebank.